Monitoring and impact evaluation
There is a need to strengthen monitoring and impact evaluation of programs and activities related to the migration and development agenda. A recent study undertaken by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) found that few countries and international organizations implementing migration programs and projects follow-up with impact evaluations. The GMG undertook an inventory of impact assessments of international migration projects and programs carried out by its 16 member agencies. The result, presented by UNFPA at the meeting in Marseilles, showed that while most agencies conduct evaluations of their projects because M & E is part of the logical framework or donor reporting, very few projects underwent an impact assessment. There is a need to cultivate a culture of evaluation and assessment and to plan and budget for this when formulating a project proposal. The GFMD 2010 conducted a survey in which only nine GFMD participant countries responded that they had carried out any sort of assessment of their migration policies. For example, the Swedish government appointed an independent parliamentary committee to examine its labor migration policies, there has not been a systematic evaluation of its “Mobility Partnership Pacts” and “Circular Migration Programs.” In order to draw lessons in expectations for further proliferation of these types of arrangements, it will be important to undertake more research.
The GFMD has called upon governments to establish or strengthen mechanisms for conducting assessments of the impact of policy on migration on development, using rigorous methods of evaluation. In coordination with the WB-IOM initiative at the Marseille Center for Mediterranean integration, impact evaluations will be supported through the various thematic working groups. The KNOMAD will also foster knowledge sharing and cooperation at the regional and global level, and support efforts to strengthen the capacity of governments in evaluating their policies and programs on migration and development.