International labor migration can broadly be characterized by the movement of low and high skilled workers. As of 2000, a quarter of the estimated stock of migrants had college degrees with most of them residing in OECD countries.

Low-skilled migration has the potential to lift families out of poverty and to enable household investments in housing, education and small enterprises. A key development objective for low-skilled migration is to enhance the welfare of migrant workers and their families by maximizing the benefits of oftentimes, temporary or circular migration and reducing its costs. A current focus is on systematically documenting worker’s paid recruitment costs and identifying policies and strategies to reduce high costs incurred by migrants to secure overseas jobs.

High skilled migration can have diverse and potentially opposing set of effects in sending countries, especially among those that have human capital shortages and face other development constraints. On one hand, emigration can lead to lower provision of services (such as education, healthcare and innovation) that are critical for growth and poverty reduction. On the other hand, high-skilled migrants integrate their home countries into the global economy by facilitating transfer of knowledge and building numerous other economic, social and cultural linkages with higher income countries.

In order to identify the development impact of high skilled immigration, understanding the newly emerging overall patterns is crucial. Second objective is the identification of the determinants of these patterns and their linkages to underlying economic, social and cultural pull and push factors. Third objective is to analyze these issues in the context of the most visible and politically contentious high skilled migrant group – physicians and nurses.

 

Areas of Focus

a) Document worker’s paid recruitment costs in collaboration with national statistical agencies

b) Identify policies and interventions to reduce recruitment costs paid by migrant workers

c) Analyze the impact of low-skilled migration on families left behind

d) Analyze new patterns and determinants of global skill mobility

e) Determine patterns and impact of healthcare professionals’ migration

Manolo Abella
COMPAS

Chair

Manuela Tomei
ILO

Co-chair

Caglar Ozden
World Bank

Co-chair

Ganesh Kumar Seshan
World Bank

Focal Point

Kirsten Schuettler
World Bank

Focal Point

Seminar

November 30, 2017, Washington DC

Other

December 10-12, 2016, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Seminar

June 22, 2016, Washington DC

Workshop

April 18-20, 2016, Turin

Seminar

April 6, 2016, Washington DC

Seminar

November 16, 2015, Washington DC

Workshop

November 16-17, 2015, Washington DC

Workshop

February 9-11, 2015, Bangkok

Seminar

November 13, 2013, Washington DC

Migration and Development Brief

Dilip Ratha, Supriyo De, Eung Ju Kim, Sonia Plaza, Kirsten Schuettler, Ganesh Seshan, and Nadege Desiree Yameogo

2018

Migration and Development Brief

Dilip Ratha, Supriyo De, Sonia Plaza, Ganesh Seshan, Nadege Desiree Yameogo, Eung Ju Kim

2018

Working paper

Zovanga Kone, Çaglar Özden

March 2017

Migration and Development Brief

April 2017

Working paper

Mariya Aleksynska, Samia Kazi Aoul, Veronica Petrencu (Preotu)

2017

Migration and Development Brief

2017

Working paper

Cansin Arslan, Jean-Christophe Dumont, Zovanga L. Kone, Çağlar Özden, Christopher Parsons, Theodora Xenogiani

October 2016

Policy brief

Mathias Czaika and Christopher R. Parsons

November 2016

Working paper

Mathias Czaika, Christopher R. Parsons

April 2016

Migration and Remittances Factbook

Dilip Ratha, Sonia Plaza, Ervin Dervisevic

2016

Policy brief

Uri Dadush, Soonhwa Yi

December 2014