International Symposium on Environmental Change and Migration
Experts generally agree that the environment is but one of the many reasons that prompt people to migrate, sometimes operating on its own but more often through other mechanisms, particularly loss of livelihoods affected by environmental disruption (Black et al 2011, Foresight 2011, White 2011). Climate change may well increase the likelihood of both internal and international migration through four path-ways: increased drought and desertification, rising sea levels, more intense and frequent storms, and competition for scarce resources (Martin 2012). Recognizing these potential impacts, in 2010, Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) adopted the Cancun Adaptation Framework, which called on all countries to take “measures to enhance understanding, coordination and cooperation with regard to climate change induced displacement, migration and planned relocation, where appropriate, at national, regional and international levels.” To date, there is relatively little research, however, that focuses on the impact of these forms of migration on the migrants who move, the communities they leave, or the destinations to which they migrate.
Dilip Ratha, Jane Ebinger