Recruitment Cost Data

Since 2013, KNOMAD in collaboration with the ILO has conducted a series of surveys with low skilled migrant workers to collect data on costs incurred by workers to obtain jobs abroad in major cross-border migration corridors. This effort was motivated by the need to systematically document and study such costs with an aim of informing discussions and initiatives on lowering workers’ paid recruitment costs. A complementary work supported by the data is in developing a methodology for monitoring recruitment costs for SDG indicator 10.7.1.

In 2013/2014, a set of pilot migrant surveys were conducted in Spain, South Korea and Kuwait. This process helped to refine the cost questionnaire which was subsequently implemented from late 2014 to 2016 in the first phase of surveys along several major migration corridors for low skill workers – namely to Qatar from India, Nepal and the Philippines, to Saudi Arabia from Ethiopia and Pakistan, to United Arab Emirates from Pakistan and to Mexico from Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras.

In the second half of 2016, the second phase of costs surveys were initiated in Italy, Russia, India and the Philippines. More specifically, interviews in Italy are with irregular migrants from West Africa, in Russia with migrants from Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and in the Philippines and India with workers who went to Saudi Arabia.

KNOMAD is currently working to release the data collected along with supporting documentation and country profiles by late summer 2017.